2013 Experience exchange among specialists concerned with bats protection

During 8-9.06.2013 took place an experience exchange  among specialists concerned with bats protection. The event was attended by teachers from the primary, secondary and university education, being present 31 participants from both urban and rural environment. Bat protection experts have presented to the participants the general information about bats protection, objectives and results of the project, were discussed and explained aspects of bats ecology and physiology, all information which was presented and discussed were subsequently observed in the field.

Field visits started by visiting the Visiting Center of Cefa Nature Park (administrated by the Administration of Apuseni Nature Park), where experts explained to the participants specific aspects of this area, later they went into the forest to observe bats in the wild. Hollows in the trees in this area are few, which is why there were placed artificial shelters for bats, and observing them is easy thanks to the concept of shelters building. By placing artificial shelters in the area, this project contributes to maintaining this high diversity, providing alternative shelters for bats.

Field visit continued with bats identifying  - in the evening – with specific bat detectors to observe the sounds emitted by bats, the sounds are different depending on the species and type of activity: hunting or social sounds.

The second day, the specialists have presented to the participants a specific habitat for bats: cave habitat, they visited Huda lui Papară Cave – witch is the most important cave in the project area. This roost is remarkable by a high specific diversity; every winter there hibernate ten species of bats. In 2010, there were registered the largest number of Schreiber’s Long-fingered Bat (over 58 000) and Common pipistrelle bat (over 33 800 individuals) in Romania. Underground roost Huda lui Papară has high significance both nationally and at European level, being included in the list of the most important caves for bats in Europe by the central body for bat protection: EUROBATS.

Underground roosts, caves, are exposed to high tourist flow. Speleo Tourism causes constant disturbance of bats present in these types of shelters. In this project, at the cave entrance was placed a protection gate, thus contributing to environmental protection and to a more efficient underground protection of bat colonies, 15 caves have being closed to protect bats. Closing the caves involves limiting access for uncontrolled tourism, the visit in this caves is performed under the supervision of custodians to avoid damaging underground habitats and thus protect bat populations from this caves. Also in the project, at the most important underground roosts were mounted information panels (at 15 caves) and warning signs (at 40 caves). This type of panels are present at Huda lui Papară cave also.

Also, scientists have led the participants to Scărişoara Glacier – another important underground shelter for bats. There were carried out the change of lighting in the cave to avoid bats disturbing. In Scărişoara Glacier Cave, its historical location and established routes for nearly 100 years does not allow a change of visiting route, but change the illumination direction allows undisturbed hibernation of bats.

This exchange is a very important means to inform participants attract them to the specialists  in the protection of bats; so the teachers – later – will transmit to the students the spirit of nature protector. Today’s children – are tomorrow’s specialists – that is why over the period of the project implementation we have conducted numerous environmental education activities in schools and colleges. The information materials made by the project were distributed in primary schools, secondary and university in total being distributed over 20 000 brochures and books for children.

2013 Interschool contest ” Bats – our fiends”

In the period of May-June 2013, APM Bihor organized an interschool competition between the schools to assess knowledge gained in environmental education activities conducted during the project “Bat conservation in Pădurea Craiului, Bihor and Trascău Mountains” (2010-2013).

The students made colorful drawings, graphic drawings, posters, collages and compositions, the most successful 56 works were awarded on 06/05/2013 in a ceremony at the Children and Students Palace  from Oradea. This contest was attended by over 300 students from seven schools:

  • National College ”Mihai Eminescu” from Oradea (1 place in the category collage: Bungău Alexia I-a A class; 1 place in the category drawing: Târnăvan Larisa I-a A class),
  • National College ”Iosif Vulcan” from Oradea (1 place in the category drawing: Flonta Adriana X-a A class; 1 place in the category graphic drawings: Popa Damaris X-a A class; 1 place in the category coalage: Pardek Carina),
  • Gymnasia School ”Nicolae Bălcescu” from Oradea (1 place in the category drawing: Nan Paula III-a A class; 1 place in the category composition: Toma Raul III-a A class; 1 place in the category collage: Croitoru Anisia III-a D class),
  • Gymnasia School ”Avram Iancu” from Oradea (1 place in the category poster: Torjoc Andreea and Cosma Loredana VII-a C class),
  • Gymnasia School  nr. 1 from Sîntandrei (1 place in the category drawing: Bogdan Flavia VII-a B class),
  • Gymnasia School ”Dacia” from Oradea (1 place in the category composition: Bejușca Rareș III-a E class; 1 place in the category drawing: Bărbănțan Antonia V-a C class; 1 place in the category graphic drawing: Dăscălciuc Ilinca II-a E class);
  • Day Care Center from Oradea (1 place in the category colectiv collage: Sim George, Sim Răzvan, Meszaros Andrada, Hendre Rebeca, Kalmar Timea, Kalmar Csilla, Abrudan Antonio, Veconi Melania, Mundrucz Andra, Simon Ioneta, Bolojan Răzvan, Nagy Natalia, Tairtiu Andreea).

The winners of this competition (places 1, 2, 3 and children who received mention) are invited on a trip on 14.06.2013 to observe bats in their natural environment.

Public acquisitions

contracte achizitii

At 40 caves we placed warning signs

Environmental Protection Agency of Bihor County – as beneficiary of the project “Bat conservation in Pădurea Craiului, Bihor and Trascău Mountains”, LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity, co-financed by the Life Programme of the European Union, installed warning signs at 40 caves in Bihor, Cluj and Alba Counties. The concept of the panels is accessible and easy to understand for peoles of all ages, even for the smallest visitors of these caves – the children – future generations of specialists: biologists, ecologists, speleologists, nature lovers or simply tourists. These panels explain – in pictures – appropriate behavior rules in the underground, rules of common sense to visit for a cave – without disturbing the creatures in it.

Installing these panels will help to inform, raise awareness and educate the general public on the caves protection and their most important enhabians – the bats.

Monitoring conservation actions

2013 Winter monitoring

In this period the winter monitoring of bats is an ongoing activity. In the frame of this are carried out the followings:

  • checking the presence of ringed bats in their winter shelters, in this way we obtain information on bats fidelity to shelters, population dynamics and social behavior,
  • monitoring of the bat colonies in the 15 closed caves,
  • monitoring of bats in artificial roosts installed in 2012 in areas where their natural roost have been destroyed: forests, parks and anthropic areas,
  • monitoring the bat colonies in caves where concrete conservation actions have been made (like: modification of artificial illumination, cleaning, modifying the visitor routes.)

Monitoring conservation actions 2012

By monitoring bats and various aspects of their ecology, we can obtain information about population dynamics, fidelity to shelters, changes in ecosystems that occur locally or globally. Although the project is focused primarily on the seven target species of bats, in data collection, monitoring action we must not neglect the presence of other species of bats. Thus, during field trips, we identified, in addition to the seven target species other 20 species of bats, totaly 27 bat species, therefore we can say that the project area is an extremely diverse region at national level, here are present almost 90% of bat species present in Romania (31 species are present at national level), being checked repeatedly over 100 caves. By covering all karst regions of the project area, we obtained a complete and accurate information about the size of bat populations in caves. Bats can be found both at low altitudes (below 300 m) and in mountainous areas above 1,000 m. The most important colonies of birth are at altitudes below 600 m, while the distribution of hibernating individuals has a wider altitudinal range.

At the 15 closed caves we placed informative boards

At the 15 closed caves we placed informative boards. These panels contain information about :

-the closed cave, from which natural protected area is part of;

-the reason why it was closed;

-bats species located in the cave and general information about bats;

-the appropriate mode of behavior in the cave;

-contact of the protected area administrator, visitation arrangements;

-general information on the project within the panel was made, the beneficiaries, co-financed by the Life Programme of the European Union;

-Salvaspeo information in case of accident.

The panels are made in three languages: Romanian, English and Hungarian.

2012 Workshop: Debate of Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats. Roșia

On 19.12.2012 we held at Roșia a Workshop: Debate of the Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats, in the area of ​​the project – in the field – to ensure that all stakeholders have access and opportunity to participate at the meetings – especially locals and landowners, businesses mans. Through this activity was realized the public consulting to finalize the Management Plans according to the national and international law, according to which it is necessary to make public consultation activities and public authorities interested in the effects of implementing the management plans, taking into account the results of these consultations in decision making and provide information on the taken decision. At the meeting were invited local stakeholders (landowners, local authorities, associations of owners, economic operators) by posting the invitation announcement at public boards at local authorities or forestry departmens, or by sending direct invitations by email and fax to decision factors (custodians, administrators of Natura 2000, NGOs – Associations / Speleological clubs, local authorities, The Romanian Federation of Speleology, County Rescue Service).

2012 Workshop: Debate of Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats. Sudrigiu

On 18.12.2012 we held at Sudrigiu a Workshop: Debate of the Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats, in the area of ​​the project – in the field – to ensure that all stakeholders have access and opportunity to participate at the meetings – especially locals and landowners, businesses mans. Through this activity was realized the public consulting to finalize the Management Plans according to the national and international law, according to which it is necessary to make public consultation activities and public authorities interested in the effects of implementing the management plans, taking into account the results of these consultations in decision making and provide information on the taken decision. At the meeting were invited local stakeholders (landowners, local authorities, associations of owners, economic operators) by posting the invitation announcement at public boards at local authorities or forestry departmens, or by sending direct invitations by email and fax to decision factors (custodians, administrators of Natura 2000, NGOs – Associations / Speleological clubs, local authorities, The Romanian Federation of Speleology, County Rescue Service).

2012 Workshop: Debate of the Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats. Oradea

On 17.12.2012 we held a Workshop: Debate of Management Plan for the conservation of bats and specific habitats. Through this activity was realized the public consulting to finalize the Management Plans according to the national and international law, according to which it is necessary to make public consultation activities and public authorities interested in the effects of implementing the management plans, taking into account the results of these consultations in decision making and provide information on the taken decision. At the meeting were invited local stakeholders (landowners, local authorities, associations of owners, economic operators) by posting the invitation announcement at public boards at local authorities or forestry departments, or by sending direct invitations by email and fax to decision factors (custodians, administrators of Natura 2000, NGOs – Associations / Speleological clubs, local authorities, the National Environment Guard, Bihor County Council, Commission of speleological heritage, Water Administration of basin Criș, Bihor Forestry Department – Districts Inspectorate of Forestry and Hunting Oradea, Oradea University – Faculty of Sciences, Environmental Protection, the Romanian Federation of Speleology, County Rescue Service).

Edited materials

Layman Raport –

English

Layman Raport –

Romanian

Layman Raport –

Hungarian

___ ___

Bats and the underground habitats management – Romanian

Long term conservation of bats activities – Romanian

Bats – Protected mammals – Romanian



The content of this site web does not necessarily represent the official position of the European Commission.
Entire responsibility for data correctness and coherence is incumbent on the web site initiators.



Natura 2000 - Europe's nature for you.